A number of substances are considered illegal to possess, or their possession is highly regulated by Illinois state laws and federal laws. As a result, if authorities believe that you possess illegal drugs, prescription pills without a prescription or drug paraphernalia, you could easily wind up in serious legal trouble.
Controlled substances can refer to drugs that are illegal to possess under any circumstances as well as certain types of prescription drugs. If you receive a valid prescription for painkillers and have those pills in your possession, you will likely not face any adverse reactions from authorities. However, police may charge you if you cannot provide proof of prescription or if they find another substance on your person, in your vehicle or in your home.
Categories of controlled substances
Because certain substances can have more harmful effects than others, the substances are categorized based on the negative impacts they may have. Those categories include the following:
- Schedule I: LSD, ecstasy, heroin, marijuana and others
- Schedule II: Hydrocodone, morphine, codeine, methamphetamine, opium and more
- Schedule III: Anabolic steroids, Tylenol with Codeine, ketamine and others
- Schedule IV: Klonopin, Xanax, Valium and more
- Schedule V: Substances with minimal levels of narcotics, like certain cough syrups
Depending on the classification of the drug officers allegedly discover and whether you have a prescription when applicable, you could face charges that range in severity. For instance, you may face greater potential punishment for a conviction for possession of methamphetamine than for an unprescribed cough syrup. The amount of the substance discovered can also impact charges and possible consequences.
While possession of a controlled substance can certainly lead to a serious predicament, other crimes are also often associated with illegal drugs. For instance, you could face criminal allegations for distribution, trafficking, manufacturing, possession with intent, dispensing or conspiring to carrying out any of these actions.
In the event that you do face criminal charges in association with controlled substances, you do not have to panic. The prosecution involved with your case must prove your guilt beyond a reasonable doubt before a conviction for drug charges can take place. While the burden of proof does lie with the prosecution, you have the opportunity to create and present a criminal defense if you wish to do so. Obtaining information from local Illinois legal resources about your options may prove wise.